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          The Brahmani Basin lies between latitude 20 28' to 23 35' N and longitude 83 52' to 87 30' E in the districts of Raigarh and Sarguja in Chhattisgarh, Ranchi and Singhbhumi in Jharkhand and Sundergarh, Deogarh, Sambalpur, Angul, Dhenkanal, Keonjhar, Jajpur and Kendrapara in Orissa.
          Brahmani basin is situated between Mahanadi Basin (on the right) and Baitarani Basin (on the left). Chhotanagpur Plateau in the East and South bound the basin, in the north a ridge separates it from Mahanadi basin, and to the east of the basin lie the Bay of Bengal and the Baitarani basin.
          Out of the total basin area of 39,269 Sqkm, the major parts of the basin falls in Orissa state. Further, about 1,394.45 Sqkm which is only 3.55% of the basin area falls in the Chhattisgarh state.